Wednesday, May 25, 2011

Jeju Island ( Jejudo ), Korea Selatan

wasandi - Jeju Island (Jejudo) is a volcanic island located at the tip of the Korean peninsula and is very close to Japan. Jeju Island is the largest island and smallest province in South Korea.

Jeju Island is most famous tourist island in Korea, Korean people even mention the term "Bali Island" was Korean. On the island there, which is the highest mountain Mount Halla in South Korea. Jeju Island is the warmest areas in winter and snow are very rare, so that the plants are usually grown in temperate regions can survive.

Jeju has a twin provinces which is also the island, namely: Hainan (PRC), Hawaii (USA), Sakhalin (Russia), and Bali (Indonesia).

Jeju-do is the only province special autonomy in South Korea, situated on the island and is bordered by the largest state. Jeju is located in the Korea Strait, southwest of South Jeolla Province, which is the part before it became a separate province in 1946. Its capital is the city of Jeju.

This island contains the Natural World Heritage Site Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes

Jeju Island is a volcanic island, dominated by Halla-san (Mount Halla): volcano 1950 meters high and the highest mountain in South Korea.

The island is formed entirely from volcanic eruptions approximately 2 million years ago, during the period of time from the Tertiary in the early Quaternary period, and consisted mainly of basalt and lava. The eruption occurred in the Cenozoic era. This has a humid subtropical climate, warmer than the rest of Korea, with four distinct seasons. Winters are cool and dry during the summer, humid, and sometimes rain.

There is a crater lake that is the only natural lake in South Korea.

An area covering approximately 12% (224 square kilometers) of Jeju is known as the Forest Gotjawal. This region remains untouched until the 21st century, as the basis of lava make it difficult to develop for agriculture. Because of these forests remain untouched for a long time, has a unique ecology. Forests are a major source of groundwater, the main water source for the half of the island, due to direct rain water penetrating into the ground water aquifer through the cracks of the lava under the forest. Gotjawal forest is considered as an important wetland in the Ramsar Convention by some researchers as a unique habitat for plant species and is the main source of water for residents, although until now there has been declared a Ramsar site
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